MTDNA Haplogroup W5

W5 is the only uniquely European W subgroup and emerged 10,000 years ago. W5 is defined by two coding region mutations - 06528 and 15775. It is found today in northern central Europe and the British Isles, centered in Germany. Its expansion and diversification began around 5,000 years ago. The continental distribution corresponds and time period correspond to that of the Corded Ware culture. Some lineages expanded later into Britain and Ireland with the Celts and Saxons.

W5 Origins
Extent of Corded Ware Culture (map via Wikipedia) and modern extent of continental W5 (green)

W5 Tree
How to Read These Phylogenetic Trees

W5 Tree
How to Read These Phylogenetic Trees

Interesting W5 outliers are W5a's from Spain, Portugal, and a W5 from Morocco. How and when the women behind these lineages arrived there (France is noticeably vacant of W5's) would undoubtedly make an exciting historical novel.


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