W3a2 - Descendants of Marie Marguerie

The Descendants of Marie Marguerie
W3a2 Haplogroup HVR1: 16209C 16223T 16255A 16292T 16519C - HVR2: 73G 119C 189G 195C 204C 207A 263G 309.1C 315.1C
Marie Marguerie ~~ Alphabetic Index ~~ Haplogroup W Homepage

Rouen at the time of Marie's childhood
Marie Marguerie was the founder of the 'French W' haplotype lineage in America. Her descendants, through mitochondrial DNA testing after 2000, began to identify their common ancestor and link up their genealogies.

Marie was born in Rouen, France, and emigrated America in 1641. Her family members lived hard and but colorful frontier lives in New France. They survived Indian raids, fought wars with other Europeans, and faced at times near extinction of their colony. Follow the links to read the full story of Marguerie's life, that of her brother, Francois Marguerie, husbands Jacques Hertel and Quentin Moral, her son Francois Hertel, and her daughters Marguerite and Madeleine Hertel, and Marie-Jeanne, Therese, Gertrude, and Marthe Moral.


The first member of what is referred to as the W haplogroup, whom we refer to as Wilma, was born around 17,000 years ago, probably in what is now northwest India or northern Pakistan. This was a period of cold known as the Last Glacial Maximum. Migration of people outside of the W homeland was blocked to the north by extremely arid arctic deserts. As the climate began warming, around 11,000 years ago, nomadic hunters expanded into these areas, which were becoming grasslands. The existing modern subgroups emerged in the area between the Caspian and Aral Seas during this period.

A W3a2 lineage with the 5291 coding region mutation and distinctive 16209 and 16255 HVR1 mutations emerged between the Caspian and Aral Seas between 12,000 and 6,000 years ago. One branch with an additional 153 mutation in HVR2 is found today in Turkmenistan. Another lineage migrated north of the Caspian and Black Seas. Around 6000 years ago it split. One branch, with the 16192 HVR1 and 152 HVR mutations, moved into the Ukraine and later into the Tatras Mountains of Poland / Slovakia as part of the Lemo ethnic group. Another branch, with additional 930 coding region and 119 194 HVR2 mutations moved south into Romania, and then probably along the Danube, eventually reaching the area of Rouen, France. From here what seems to be a single emigrant ancestor, Marie Marguerie, migrated to Quebec in 1641, ancestering hundreds of thousands of descendants in the United States and Canada.

The differences in Marie Marguerie's mtDNA code in the Highly Variable Regions 1 and 2, in comparison to what is known as the Cambridge Reference Sequence, were:

HVR1: 16209C 16223T 16255A 16292T 16519C
HVR2: 73G 119C 189G 195C 204C 207A 263G 309.1C 315.1C

An additional change occurred at 309.2C on one branch of the family sometime between 1710 and the present.

Here are the lineal female descendants of Marie Marguerie as identified by Haplogroup W members to date:



Here are all of the female ancestors and descendants of Marie Marguerie identified to date known to have her mtdna haplotype (in order of known or approximate birth year):
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Some images on these pages are from the film Black Robe, a portrayal of the difficult life of the Jesuit missionaries and first settlers of New France.
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